Two items for subchapter III have been enacted. In clause 3 , the words "club, federation, union" are omitted as unnecessary. In clause 5 , the words "one or more athletes" are substituted for "any athlete or athletes" and for "any athletic or athletes" for clarity and to correct a grammatical error. In clause 6 , a reference to section restating b and c is unnecessary because section incorporates the eligibility requirements of section Subsection a is substituted for the source provisions for consistency in the revised title and to eliminate unnecessary and executed words.
A Twenty-First-Century Olympic and Amateur Sports Act
[USC02] 36 USC Ch. UNITED STATES OLYMPIC COMMITTEE
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Amateur Sports Act of 1978
Prior to the adoption of the Act in , the Amateur Athletic Union AAU represented the United States on international competition matters and regulated amateur sports generally. The AAU had adopted arbitrary rules which prohibited women from participating in running events and prohibited any runner who had raced in the same event as a runner with a shoe-company sponsorship. Congress adopted the Act in response to criticisms of the AAU, effectively removing that organization from any governance role. The AAU now continues as a voluntary organization largely promoting youth sports.
Recent scandals involving national governing bodies for sport and allegations of athlete abuse have captured media attention. The most recent, focusing on the actions of USA Gymnastics, prompted Congress to propose legislation to require better protections for Olympic Movement athletes. However, this Article asserts that the issue targeted by the recently enacted legislation must be viewed in the context of the overall regulation of Olympic and amateur sport in the United States. In doing so, Congress should consider more comprehensive reform that goes beyond the issue of athlete abuse.